1- Medina :
Is the old historic part of town with high walls found in many countries of North Africa and the centre of everyday life and still is in many places in modern Morocco. It is also an urban agglomeration organized within walls, it means, protected center within a fortification. It is typically walled and divided into Quartiers. Each quartier has a Mosque, a water fountain, a communal bread oven, a hammam (bath house), and a Medrasa (Koranic School), which all serve the local community. Historically, the medina was a melting pot of different races including: Berbers, Arabd, Christians, Jews and Africans. Built with winding narrow alleyways, the walk through the Medina is a walk back into time – a complicated labyrinth and alleyways built to thwart invasions. This walled city remains a picture of medieval Islamic society set in modern times. In Morocco the best known Medinas are the Medina of Fez, Marrakech, Rabat, El Jadida, Essaouira, Meknes, Chefchaouen, Asilah and Taroudant
2- Kasbah :
is a fortress building or a fortified part of a city, historically the home of local rulers to live and a defense when a city was under attack. Its origin is Berber and in this language it is called Tighremt. A Kasbah is usually applied to a square building with four towers at the corners, built with soil and usually destined to live in it a powerful family. A Kasbah has high walls, usually without windows. Sometimes, they were built on hilltops so that they could be more easily defended. Some were placed near the entrance to harbors. Kasbahs house one or more buildings. Classic examples of Kasbahs within medina are found in Rabat, Tangier and Chefchaouen. Most of these forts have been ruined and some of them were beautifully restored to become hotels and guest houses. The existing well-known Kasbahs in Morocco are: The Kasbah of Ait Benhdaou – 35 km from Ouarzazate to the High Atlas Mountains – The Kasbah of Amredil in Skoura – The Kasbah of Taourite in Ouarzazate – The Kasbah of Telouat in the high Atlas Mountains and the Kasbah Oudaya in the Capital of Morocco Rabat.
3- Berber Villages :
The Berbers are ethnically indigenous people to North Africa. The Berber’s rich history and culture date back to prehistoric times. Their long recorded influence affected commerce by establishing trading routes between the West African and the Sub-Saharan region where they transported goods from beyond the Sahara desert to the Northern Moroccan cities. Indeed, the Berber identity is usually wider than language, craft and ethnicity; it encompasses the entire history and geography of North Africa and Morocco. Today, it is still possible to still find many traditional Berber settlements in Morocco. Although the Berber people do not live exclusively in rural settlements, these communities offer an interesting insight into the Berber tradition and history. The Atlas Mountains are home to relatively pure Berber populations, who live in earthen adobe houses.
4- Dades Gorges :
A scenically beautiful section of the Dades River valley separating the High Atlas Mountains from the Anti Atlas. The Gorge is best known for mesmerizing scenery and the Kasbahs set precariously amongst it overlooking the river below. Gravity defying rock stacks in all shades of red look as though they’ll crumble in front of your eyes and are deeply cut by gullies created by the persistent action of the river and weather. Most people visits these gorges en route to Erfoud and Merzouga, but it's also a wonderful area for private camping safaris. Once you’ve had a chance to soak up the scenery or the Gorge itself, it’s possible with a guide who knows the area, to leave this side of things behind and dig deeper into the surrounding country side of the Anti Atlas. These are fertile valleys where roses bloom in profusion in the Skoura and El Kelaa des Mgouna oases and where a large part of Morocco's rose and rose water production occurs. Most people visits these gorges en route to Erfound and Merzouga, but it's also a wonderful area for private camping safaris.
5- Todra Gorges :
A canyon situated on the east side of the High Atlas Mountains in Morocco, near the town of Tinerhir. The Todra Gorge is recognized around the world as one of the most spectacular sites. Both the Todgha and neighbouring Dades Rivers have carved out cliff-sided canyons on their final 40 kilometres through the Mountains. The gorges of Todra, though in a remote area of Morocco, is a popular tourist destination and has been outfitted over the years with hiking paths and a well-maintained dirt road that visitors can walk along. The gorge is a trench of gigantic rock walls that, change color and run through the High Atlas Mountains creating an absolutely magnificent spectacle. The gorge itself is a 30 minute short drive along the palm-lined valley so any of the hotels featured here is ideal for visiting the gorge. Majestic cliffs towering 300m are a worthy sight for any travelers passing this way for a hike, a half day visit or simply to stand and be amazed (you can get a drink and a snack, too) en route along the circuit of the south.
6- Rose Valley :
Nestled at the foot of the High Atlas Mountains in Morocco, where the Mountains meet the Dades Valley. It is irrigated by the Asif M'Goun River and its main capital is Kelaat M'Gouna. Lot of rose petals are harvested every year to be made into rose water for culinary and beauty purposes. It can take tons of petals just to make a few liters of rose water. Roses are picked by hand and then transported to small distilleries in the area to be processed. There are also factories in Casablanca that buy much of the harvest. If you decide to purchase rose water from the numerous sellers of this prized product, keep in mind the water should be clear in color. There are many synthetic versions of the product that are usually pink in color. True rose water is not pink. In late spring month, the city is entirely covered in roses. A pink rug as far as the eye can see dots the otherwise brown landscape. If you visit the rose valley during the first week of May, you can enjoy the annual rose festival. There is never a set date for the festival as it depends on the harvest season.
7- Draa Valley :
Nestled in the deep south of Morocco, the Draa Valley is a long, green oasis in a dry, rocky landscape stretches from the city of Ouarzazate into the Sahara Desert. Known as “the date basket of Morocco”, this fertile corridor is home to many date palms, orchards and irrigated fields. The gateway to the valley is Agdz, which itself boasts a vast palmerie and a surprising number of ancient but well-preserved kasbahs. Discover the valley by car or enjoy hiking or biking through this beautiful verdant land. The Draa Valley was once an important transit point on the trans-Saharan caravan trading routes, as well as an important trading center for Jewish, Arab, Berber and Christian civilizations. The Draa Valley is becoming one of the top tourist attractions in Morocco. The beauty of the Draa Valley is not its only geographical richness; the valley has thousands of years of history.
8-Erg Chebbi Desert :
One of the great sights of Morocco located nearby the village of Merzouga. The Erg Chebbi is the most accessible dunes of the Sahara in Morocco and the best time to see them is at sunrise and sunset when the changing light subtly alters their color. Spending a night in the desert is an unparalleled experience. The atmosphere, view, nature, sights and the culture are all breath-taking. It’s a great opportunity for adventurous off-road travel among the monstrous dunes which tower above the surrounding Hamada — the rocky, lunar surface that is so typical of the desert. Several activities can be arranged in place such as: Camel Ride – Quad Bikkging – Sand boarding – Sun downing – Yoga…etc.
9-Erg Chigaga Desert :
Located further south and some 60km from the nearest paved road, the sand dunes of Erg Chigaga are the largest and wildest in Morocco. These dunes spread for around 40km long and 10-15km wide, reaching a height of up to 120 meters and can only be reached by 4×4 Jeeps. Erg Chigaga is a more rustic desert experience with a good 3 day one-way camel trek required from the nearest village of M'hamid to the tallest dunes. Thanks largely to its relative isolation, Erg Chigaga remains untouched with far fewer visitors than Erg Chebbi meaning you can get that perfect photo of the dunes minus the trails of footprints. Here the only accommodation options are desert camps set out in the wilderness of the Sahara.
10- Atlas Mountains :
Are a series of Mountain peaks that run along the northwestern portion of the African continent, extending some 2500 km through Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia separating the Atlantic and Mediterranean coastline from the Sahara Desert. Actually a series of ranges with diverse terrain, climates and wildlife, the Atlas are dotted with Berber villages, canyons and ravines. The highest peak is 4,167m Toubkal, which lies within Morocco's Toubkal National Park. With snow-capped peaks, lush valleys & traditional mud-built Berber villages, the Atlas Mountains offer superb trekking and a wonderful respite from the madness, heat and noise of Marrakech.
11- Cascadaes (Waterfalls) :
One of Morocco’s natural wonders to admire. The Ouzoud Waterfalls are one of the most wonderful and stunning attractions in Morocco. The river plunges over 100 meters in a complex network of waterfalls that cascades one into another through three major and several minor drops. The impressive roar seems to soothe like an old lullaby. The juxtaposition of these verdant and luxurious falls in a land of red sandstone, dust and dessert somehow brightens your outlook and puts a spring in your step. The sheer joy of nature and the life giving force of water seems to be captured in every shiny leaf and exploding flower bud that clings and populates the luscious river gorge. Take photos from various viewpoints, and, if you wish, visit the caves that house watermills powered by the falls. Watch for local Barbary apes or rainbows above the cascades, and savor lunch at a restaurant along the shaded waterfall path.
12- Beaches :
Morocco has a huge range of beach destinations, offering everything from full-service resorts that are perfect for families to luxurious coastal bolt holes ideal for a romantic escape. Morocco is home to several lovely beach resorts, making it a perfect destination for sun worshippers and beach enthusiasts. After all, beach lovers and those who adore the sand understand the magnificence and hospitable atmosphere of beach resorts in Morocco. Take a dip in the crystal clear ocean waters and enjoy an unforgettable experience in one of the stunning beach resorts in Morocco as you wake up to the salty air from your balcony and fall asleep to the sounds of crashing waves. A vacation in a waterfront hotel takes your trip up a notch. Book a personalized beach getaway to one of Morocco’s finest beach resorts where you can soak up the sun and enjoy the gentle ocean breeze alongside great hospitality.