1- Casablanca :
is a port city and commercial hub in western Morocco, fronting the Atlantic Ocean. The city is rapidly developing into a modern industrial success story. The largest city in Morocco, its centre is impressive, with large boulevards and tall, white, well-kept buildings. The city's French colonial legacy is seen in its downtown Mauresque architecture, a blend of Moorish style and European art deco. Standing partly over the water, the enormous Hassan II Mosque, completed in 1993, has a 210m minaret topped with lasers directed toward Mecca. The old city is more reminiscent of the Casablanca of Bergman and Bogart; a much smaller area with older houses and a good market. Casablanca is the best representation of the modern nation. This is where money is being made, where young Moroccans come to seek their fortunes and where business and the creative industries prosper.
2- Rabat :
Morocco’s political and administrative capital. The city is located on the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the river Bou Regreg. A highway and a railway connect the city with Casablanca about 97km to the south-west. Rabat is known for landmarks that speak to its Islamic and French-colonial heritage, including the Kasbah of the Udayas. This Berber-era royal fort is surrounded by formal French-designed gardens and overlooks the ocean. The city's iconic Hassan Tower, a 12th-century minaret, soars above the ruins of a mosque. The origins of the city date back to the seventh century. A Mauritanian trading post was once built to the south-east of the present city in the Chellah area.
3- Fes / Fez :
is the medieval capital of Morocco founded in the 9th Century and a great city of high Islamic civilization. Fez has the best-preserved old city in the Arab world, the sprawling, labyrinthine medina of Fes el-Bali, which is incidentally also the world's largest car-free urban zone. It’s primarily known for its Fes El Bali walled medina, with medieval Marinid architecture, vibrant souks and old-world atmosphere. The medina is home to religious schools such as the 14th-century Bou Inania and Al Attarine, both decorated with elaborate cedar carvings and ornate tile work. Fez’ medina can seem like it's in a state of perpetual pandemonium; some visitors fall instantly in love and others recoil in horror. But its charms are many. Seemingly blind alleys lead to squares with exquisite fountains and streets bursting with aromatic food stands, rooftops unveil a sea of minarets, and stooped doorways reveal the workshops of tireless artisans.
4- Marrakech / Marrakesh :
The Jewel of the south and a city that sums up all of Morocco's exotic North African charm. The Medina offers Moroccan life in all its hectic glory. Marrakesh is also the gateway to Morocco's High Atlas region where you can relish the scenic mountain beauty after your Marrakesh metropolis adventures. The city's name provided the root for the name of the country itself, spelling out this town's importance down the ages. Within the hustle of the city core you'll find old and new clashing and blending, which can make some tourists almost dizzy. Snake charmers and smooth shop touts both compete for your attention amid a noisy, colourful bustle that encapsulates Morocco's vibrant soul. The walled medieval city dating to the Berber Empire, with mazelike alleys where thriving souks (marketplaces) sell traditional textiles, pottery and jewelry.
5- Tangier :
A principal city of northern Morocco. It is located on a bay of the Strait of Gibraltar 17 miles (27 km) from the southern tip of Spain. Tangier is a fascinating Moroccan city to visit. It has many of the things that travelers love a sense of exotic mystery, interesting history, beautiful vistas, unspoiled beaches Tangier is an uncontrolled mix of North Africa, Spain, Portugal and France. Its blend of cultures and influences is unique in Morocco – for much of its history it wasn't even governed by Morocco. Tangier has always carried a slightly seedy allure, in part due to its time as a semi-independent international zone that attracted eccentric foreigners, artists, writers and businessmen. The city is currently undergoing rapid development and modernization. Projects include new tourism projects along the bay, a modern business district called Tangier City Center.
6- Chefchaouen :
The Jewel of the North known for the striking, variously hued blue-washed buildings of its old town. Chefchaouen was originally established way back in 1471, back when Moorish and Jewish refugees came here after fleeing from the Reconquista of Spain. In the shady main square of Uta el Hammam is the red-walled casbah, a 15th-century fortress and dungeon with ethnographic and art exhibits. The octagonal minaret of the Great Mosque rises nearby. Chefchaouen is somewhere where you can enjoy a real, authentic experience of Morocco, with traditional markets, hammams and restaurants to enjoy. It’s ideally placed for venturing out into the countryside too; as well as the beautiful Rif mountain range you have the Jebel Bouhachem Nature Reserve on your doorstep, and the Talassemtane National Park on the other side of the town. Chefchaouen is famous for being a friendly, relaxed place to visit. It’s certainly somewhere you don’t want to miss on your next visit to Morocco.
7- Meknes :
One of the four Imperial cities of Morocco founded in the 11th century by the Almoravids dynasty as a military stronghold. It was the cpital of Morocco under the reign of Sultan Moulay Ismaïl (1672–1727), the founder of the Alaouite dynasty. The city located in northern central Morocco and the sixth largest city by population in the kingdom. The name of the city originates from the great Berber tribe Meknassa who dominated eastern Morocco as far back as the Tafilalet in the 8th century. It’s known for its imperial past, with remnants including Bab Mansour, a huge gate with arches and mosaic tiling. The gate leads into the former imperial city. The Mausoleum of Sultan Moulay Ismail, who made the city his capital in the 17th century, has courtyards and fountains. To the south, ruined Heri es-Souani is a vast structure once used as stables and for food storage.
8- Essaouira :
A small seaside town with impressive 18th-century fortifications and a UNESCO world heritage. Essaouira sits on Morocco’s Atlantic coast, a three-hour drive west of Marrakesh. Strong trade winds make it one of the world’s great surf spots, and it has enjoyed a healthy tourist trade since the 1960s, when hippie icons like Jimi Hendrix and Cat Stevens made high-profile visits. The town also has a fascinating history and such beautiful medieval architecture that it was used in Orson Welles's award-winning film of Othello. There is even an Orson Welles square. In fact many of the city’s charms are free: dip into an alcove in the fortifications and gaze across the ocean or stroll down to the harbor to watch the boat builders and fisherman in action. It has been a working port far longer than it’s been a hangout for artists and surfers, and its souks are still as much for locals as for tourists. When Marrakech is at its most scalding in the summer months, Essaouira can make for a balmy alternative.
9- Agadir :
A city located along Morocco’s southern Atlantic coast, in the foothills of the Anti-Atlas Mountains. Agadir is deemed as one of Morocco’s premier holiday destination for one overriding reason – the beach. The city’s golden sandy sweep stretches for more than 9 kilometers, looping around a wide bay on the Atlantic coast. Its powder-soft sands and translucent waters have earned it Blue Flag status. A resort destination, it's known for its golf courses, wide crescent beach and seaside promenade lined with cafes, restaurants and bars. Agadir's hilltop Kasbah was destroyed in a 1960 earthquake, but its original old wall remains standing. The city hits its stride on the beachfront promenade, where Moroccan street life comes with a refreshing sense of space. Arching south of the shiny white marina, the sandy beach offers clean water and 300 sunny days a year. Agadir caters mainly to package-tour holidaymakers, and will appeal less to independent travelers. Families will also enjoy relaxing on the beach and wandering around the handful of sights.
10- El Jadida :
One of the first settlements created in Africa by Portuguese explorers on the route to India, bears outstanding witness to the exchange of influences between European and Moroccan cultures from the 16th to the 18th centuries. This fortified town was taken over by the Moroccans in 1769. The fortification with its bastions and ramparts is an early example of Renaissance military design. The surviving Portuguese buildings include the cistern and the Church of the Assumption, built in the Manueline style of late Gothic architecture. The Portuguese City of Mazagan - one of the early settlements of the Portuguese explorers in West Africa on the route to India - is an outstanding example of the interchange of influences between European and Moroccan cultures, well reflected in architecture, technology, and town planning. The fortress was rehabilitated in the middle of the 19th century and named El Jadida (The New), and became a commercial centre and a multicultural society, embracing Muslims, Jews and Christians. The people of El Jadida offer the same mix of old and new with the best of traditional Moroccan hospitality while the youth are fully engaged in all things modern.
11- Ouarzazate :
A city nicknamed the gateway of the desert because of its vast, arid surroundings mark the beginning of Sahara desert, a change in landscape, which in itself, is a spectacle to encounter. The name of the city means noiselessly or ‘quiet place’ in the Berber language and culture. The city of Ouarzazate is a city with vibrant cultures and artistic traditions. It was traditionally the small crossing point for African traders moving towards the northern cities of Morocco as well as Europe. During the French regime it was developed and expanded as a garrison town and administrative centre as well as a custom post. Its huge Taourirt Kasbah, home to a 19th-century palace, has views over the rugged local landscape, which features in several movies. Northwest is the fortified Kasbah of Ait Ben Haddou, a beautiful ancient ksar which has been used as a backdrop in many movies and tv programs. Northeast is the rocky Todra Gorge. A road winds southeast through the Draa Valley’s lush palm groves to the desert.
12- Skoura :
A beautiful Oasis nestled 35km east of Ouarzazate in the Valley of a thousand Kasbahs. Skoura is a fertile oasis lined with immense palm groves. Skoura has the ruins of the magical Kasbah Amerhidil. This particular Kasbah has been immortalized on the back of the country’s 50 dirham note. As such, it is Skoura’s main attraction and its grand size and interesting design always make it a rewarding find. Skoura has other superb kasbahs on its doorstep and it is an excellent base from which to explore the Dades Valley and the Valley of the Roses; the Dades Gorge, and the Todra Gorge to the east, the Draa valley to the south or the World Heritage Site at Ait Benhaddou. Skoura is one of Morocco’s beautiful oases and it offers weary travellers a chance to rest their weary feet and enjoy the abundance of nature
13- Zagora :
A small town nestled in the Draa River valley south-east of Morocco. The city is named so, as it flanked on two sides by Mountains. Its original name was ‘Tazagourt’, which meant ‘Twin Peaks’. In the sixteenth century, Zagora played an important role in Morocco’s trade under the Saadian dynasty. Trade caravans passed through the Draa Valley when coming from the sub-Saharan regions and headed to their final destination, Marrakech. In the heart of the Draa Valley, Zagora is a pleasant stopping point on any trip through Southern Morocco. The Draa Valley is a considerable resource for the hundreds of families in Zagora. Millions of palm trees grow and produce dates each harvest season. The date sector has an important role in the local development of Zagora, for it provides Morocco, (and overseas countries), with various kinds of dates. Recently, watermelon cultivation has achieved unprecedented success. This unique fruit is picked during the summer, and covers spacious fields around Zagora.